Christmas traditions in Russia and abroad
New Year is coming and you have a little time left to complete everything and make new wishes for the coming 365 days. Do you know where from did the traditions of this holiday come to our country? When is the birthday of the Russian Santa Claus (Ded Moroz, Father Frost)? What do people from other countries do at this magic night? Read the article made by SafeSpace and learn many interesting things.
New Year in Russia. History and traditions
The tradition of celebrating the New Year on January 1 has come to Russia not so long ago – about 300 years ago, and before the holiday fell on March 1, which is consistent with the pagan beliefs in ancient Russia.
1. New Year holidays, similar to how we used to see it today, were brought to Russia by Peter I. By his orders, the houses were decorated with fir and pine branches, however, after his death the tradition was held only by pubs.
2. The second wave of Christmas trees and garlands came in the 1840s, under the influence of German traditions. The story of The Nutcracker that was first translated into Russian in 1839 played an important role.
3. In the first half of the last century (in the 20s), the tradition of celebrating the New Year in style was postponed: The Soviet government announced it a religious throwback, and almost 15 years New Year trees disappeared from Soviet houses.
4. January 1 became a day-off only in 1947. The first official congratulations from TV to Russian citizens were made by Leonid Brezhnev in 1970.
5. The Russian Santa Claus has an official birthday – November 18. First, he was not a good-natured old man giving gifts. He was a stern old man, who served mostly to intimidate naughty children.
6. Ded Moroz Homeland is one of the oldest cities in the Vologda region, Great Ustyug.
7. There were no congratulations with the upcoming holidays for Russian citizens from the TV screens in the New Year's Eve in 1992 and 1993.
8. The oldest movie, which certainly appears on TV screens before the New Year or one of the following days of vacation, for the last 38 years is The Irony of Fate, or Enjoy Your Bath!
9. The most popular New Year’s Russian song, The Forest Raised a Christmas Tree, appeared in 1905 when the composer Beckmann wrote music for the poems of an ordinary teacher who had published her work two years earlier.
10. The first to celebrate the New Year in Russia can border guards in the Bering Strait, on Ratmanov Island.
Foreign traditions of celebrating the New Year
When it comes to celebrating the New Year, it seems that each person has his set of traditions, which certainly should attract good luck.
1. In Denmark, people keep old or broken dishes until December 31, and then beat them on the threshold of their friends and relatives’ houses.
2. In Ecuador, at the New Year’s midnight, people burn a paper scarecrow and old photos in order to attract good luck.
3. In Spain, they eat 12 grapes – one for each chime – to success accompanies you the whole next year.
4. In the Philippines, round objects are the symbols of happiness as they are associated with coins, i.e. wealth. Therefore, the New Year's table should be round and festive outfits have round elements.
5. In some South American countries, the color of underwear is of much importance: if you wear red then love will come to you, and if you wear white it will attract peace and tranquility in your life.
6. In Japan, for the New Year bells ring 108 times, according to the Buddhist faith, they should bring good fortune and purification.
7. Each year, in late December, the residents of a small village in Peru arrange fistfight to solve their problems and go to the New Year in peace.
8. In Switzerland, people throw ice cream on the floor for the New Year.
9. In some areas of Puerto Rico, people pour water from their windows believing that this way will protect their homes from evil spirits.
10. In Belgium, the livestock enjoys a special honor, so that the farmers congratulate their cows at the New Year's Eve.
11. In Colombia, at the New Year's Eve people walk with their suitcases all day long in the hope of an interesting travel in the upcoming year.
12. To attract good luck in the New Year, the residents of Denmark climb onto the chairs and "jump into" the new year.
13. In Chile, on New Year's, people go to the cemetery to spend time among the dead relatives.
14. In Romania, as in Belgium, there is a special attitude to animals. If you can hear what they say wait for a good luck in the upcoming year.
15. Ireland there is a tradition to throw bread into the walls to ward off evil spirits.
16. In Finland, they tell fortune on New Year's Eve: people pour molten lead into the water and tell the fortune.
17. If you are going to Scotland for the New Year's Eve then prepare a gift. The first person to cross the threshold at this magic night should give the hosts a gift for luck.
18. If you like to eat much then go to Estonia: people eat here at least 7 times on New Year’s Eve, thus attracting wealth to their homes for the whole upcoming year.
You can stick to your own traditions: make a wish under the chiming clock or burn a paper with your written wish and drink champagne. Or you can try something new to enliven the holiday.
►Watch the video about our company: